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The word ‘mudra’ literally means, ‘gesture’ or ‘to seal.’
Mudras are a combination of subtle physical movements which alter mood, attitude and perception. They are used to heighten awareness and deepen concentration.

When one brings the fingers together in various ways, specific energetic circuits are created. These circuits then channel energy along particular pathways to affect the mind and body. Although their effects may be subtle, the changes they produce can be profound.

A mudra may involve the whole body in a combination of asana, pranayama, bandha and visualization techniques, or it may be a simple hand position.

There are dozens of mudras, each representing certain qualities. Often people unconsciously apply gestures in response to particular feelings. For example; it is common for one who is angry to make fists with their hands. When the hands are clenched together the attitude of power and strength is evoked. By observing these instinctual mudras and their effects, one can consciously change the bodies position, thus, alter the emotional and mental state.

Through the practice of mudra we can develop control over the involuntary responses, snap out of habitual patterns and establish a more refined consciousness.

Hand mudras (Hasta)

* Knowledge gesture (Jnana mudra)
* Consciousness gesture (Chin mudra)
* Heart gesture (Hridaya mudra)
* Attitude of the womb (Yoni mudra)
* Fierce gesture (Bhairava mudra)
* Nosetip position (Nasagra mudra)

Head mudras (Mana)

* Eyebrow centre gazing (Shambhavi mudra)
* Nosetip gazing (Nasikagra drishti)
* Tongue lock (Khechari mudra)

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Eyebrow centre gazing – Shambhavi Mudra

Shambhavi Mudrashambhavi mudra

  • Close the eyes and relax all the muscles of the face.
  • Slowly open the eyes and look forward at a steady point.
  • Keep the head still and direct the gaze upwards and inward.
  • Focus both eyes at eyebrow centre.
  • Hold for as long as comfortable and release at the slightest sensation of strain.
  • Close and relax the eyes.

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Tongue lock – Khechari mudra

Khechari mudrakhechari mudra - Satya Live Yoga

  • Sit in a comfortable position.
  • Close the eyes and relax the body.
  • Fold the tongue back and up, so that the lower surface lies in contact with the upper palate.
  • Stretch the tip of the tongue backward as far as comfortable.
  • Practice Psychic breathing (Ujjayi pranayama).
  • Hold this mudra for up to 5 minutes, or as long as appropriate.
  • Once complete, release and relax the tongue.

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Nosetip gazing – Nasikagra drishti

Nasikagra drishti - Satya Live YogaNasikagra drishti

  • Close the eyes and relax all the muscles of the face.
  • Slowly open the eyes and look forward at a steady point.
  • Keep the head still and direct the gaze to the nose tip.
  • Hold for as long as comfortable and release at the slightest sensation of strain.
  • Close and relax the eyes.
  • Practice for up to 3 minutes.

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Nosetip Mudra – Nasagra Mudra

Nasagra MudraNasagra mudra - Satya Live Yoga

  • Place the right index finger and middle finger on the eyebrow centre.
  • Position the thumb above the right nostril and the ring finger above the left nostril.
  • Have the little finger comfortably folded.
  • Rest the left hand on the left thigh, alternatively use it to support the right elbow.

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Heart Gesture – Hridaya Mudra

Hridaya MudraHridaya Mudra - Satya Live Yoga

  • Curl the index fingers to the base of the thumbs.
  • Join the tips of the middle and ring finger to the tip of the thumb.
  • Straighten the little finger in a relaxed way.
  • Place the hands on the knees with the palms turned up.

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Fierce gesture

Bhairava Mudra

  • Place the back of the right hand on the palm of the left hand.
  • With both palms facing up, rest the hands in the lap.

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Attitude of the womb

Yoni Mudra

  • Bring the backs of the hands together, with the fingers pointing toward the body.
  • Interlace the little, ring and middle fingers together.
  • Join the pads of both index fingers together and the pads of both thumbs.
  • Point the index fingers away from the body and thumbs towards the body to form a diamond shape.

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Gesture of Consciousness

Chin Mudra

  • Join the tips of the thumb and the index finger together, or curl the index finger to the base of the thumb.
  • Straighten the other three fingers in a relaxed way.
  • Place the hands on the knees with the palms turned up.

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Gesture of Knowledge

Jnana Mudra

  • Join the tips of the thumb and the index finger together, or curl the index finger to touch the inside root of the thumbs.
  • Straighten the other three fingers in a relaxed way.
  • Place the hands on the knees with the palms turned down.

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